Formula In Excel For Compound Interest


How To Derive A = Pert The Continuous Compound Interest Formula

Finance Basics 2 – Compound Interest in Excel

A common definition of the constant e is that:

With continuous compounding, the number of times compounding occurs per period approaches infinity or n . Then using our original equation to solve for A as n we want to solve:

This equation looks a little like the equation fore. To make it look more similar so we can do a substitution we introduce a variable m such that m = n/r then we also have n = mr. Note that as n approaches infinity so does m.

Replacing n in our equation with mr and cancelling r in the numerator of r/n we get:

Rearranging the exponents we can write:

Substituting in e from our definition above:

And finally you have your continuous compounding formula.

Calculating Future Value Of Intra

Intra-year compound interest is interest that is compounded more frequently than once a year. Financial institutions may calculate interest on bases of semiannual, quarterly, monthly, weekly, or even daily time periods.Microsoft Excel includes the EFFECT function in the Analysis ToolPak add-in for versions older than 2003. The Analysis ToolPak is already loaded. The EFFECT function returns the compounded interest rate based on the annual interest rate and the number of compounding periods per year. The formula to calculate intra-year compound interest with the EFFECT worksheet function is as follows:


The general equation to calculate compound interest is as follows


where the following is true:

P = initial principalk = annual interest rate paidm = number of times per period the interest is compoundedn = number of periods or term of the loan

Using The General Compound Interest Formula To Calculate Compound Interest In Excel

The first method uses the same generic formula that we used in the previous section to compute the compound interest:


In cell B6, type the following formula:


Note that the above formula is simply an Excel implementation of the general compound interest formula.

The result we get is as follows:

Lets take up another case where the interest is compounded twice a year:

Applying the same formula, the result we get is as follows:

This means the formula works with all scenarios.

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Calculate Weekly Monthly Quarterly And Semi

Depending on the payment frequency, you need to use the following calculations for rate and nper arguments:

  • For rate, divide the annual interest rate by the number of payments per year .
  • For nper, multiply the number of years by the number of payments per year.

The below table provides the details:

Payment Frequency
annual interest rate / 2 years * 2

For instance, to find the amount of a periodic payment on a $5,000 loan with an 8% annual interest rate and a duration of 3 years, use one of the below formulas.

Weekly payment:


Monthly payment:


Quarterly payment:


Semi-annual payment:


In all cases, the balance after the last payment is assumed to be $0, and the payments are due at the end of each period.

The screenshot below shows the results of these formulas:

S To Calculate Compound Interest Using Excel Formula With Regular Deposits

Excel Formula Help

Say, youre going to run a savings scheme with one of your trusted banks. Here, you want to know what your total amount after a certain period will be. In this case, we will use the Excel FV function. We can also calculate it with Excel formulas.

Here, we have used Microsoft Excel 365 version, you may use any other version according to your convenience.

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Relevance And Uses Of Daily Compound Interest Formula

Compounding as a whole help earn interest on interest, which makes logical sense. In simple interest, you earn interest on the same principal for the investment term, and you lose out on income that you can earn on that additional amount. So, for example: if you have $100 and the simple interest rate is 10%, for two years, you will have 10%*2*100 = $20 as interest. But if you invest that only for one year, you will earn $10, and then again, if you invest $110 at 10% for a year, you will have $11 interest in the 2nd year. So in total, you have $21 interest, and you were losing out on $1 interest in the case of simple interest. For daily compounding, we can say that the more, the merrier. As you increase the compounding frequency, you will effectively earn more money since your money will go through more rounds of compounding.

How To Use The Compound Interest Calculator: Example

Say you have an investment account that increased from $30,000 to $33,000 over 30 months. If your local bank offers a savings account with daily compounding , what annual interest rate do you need to get to match the rate of return in your investment account?

In the calculator above select “Calculate Rate “. The calculator will use the equations: r = n1/nt – 1) and R = r*100.


  • Total P+I : $33,000
  • Principal : $30,000
  • Time : 2.5 years

Showing the work with the formula r = n1/nt – 1):

Your Answer: R = 3.813% per year

So you’d need to put $30,000 into a savings account that pays arate of 3.813% per year and compounds interest daily in order to get the same return as the investment account.

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How To Make A Pmt Calculator In Excel

Before you go ahead and borrow money, it stands to reason to compare different loan conditions to find out the options that suit you most. For this, let’s create our own Excel loan payment calculator.

  • To begin with, enter the loan amount, interest rate and loan term in separate cells .
  • To be able to choose different periods and specify when the payments are due, create drop-down lists with the following predefined options :
  • Set up the lookup tables for Periods and Payments are Due like show in the screenshot below. It is important that text labels in the lookup tables exactly match the items of the corresponding drop-down list.In the cells next to the drop-down lists, enter the following IFERROR VLOOKUP formulas that will pull the number from the lookup table corresponding to the item selected in the drop-down list.

    Formula for Periods :

    Formula for Payments are Due :

    =IFERROR, “”)

  • Write a PMT formula to calculate the periodic payment based on your cells. In our case, the formula goes as follows:

    =IFERROR, “”)

    Please notice the following things:

  • The fv argument is hardcoded in the formula because we always want zero balance after the last payment. In case you wish to allow your users to enter any future value, allocate a separate input cell for the fv argument.
  • The PMT function is preceded with the minus sign to display the result as a positive number.
  • The PMT function is wrapped into IFERROR to hide errors when some input values are not defined.
  • =B6& ” Payment”

    Calculating The Annual Compound Interest Schedule

    Calculate Compound Interest in Excel

    In our example, the initial balance is $50,000 in the cell C3, while the annual interest rate is 10%. Based on these two values, we want to calculate the balance for each period in column C.

    The formula looks like:

    =C3 /

    The parameter initial_balance is C3, while the interest_rate is in $E$3. Note that we need to fix the cell E3, as the interest rate is the same for all the periods. The initial_balance for every period is the balance from the previous period.

    To apply the formula, we need to follow these steps:

    • Select cell C4 and click on it
    • Insert the formula: =C3/
    • Drag the formula down to the other cells in the column by clicking and dragging the little + icon at the bottom-right of the cell.

    Figure 3. Calculating the annual compound interest schedule

    The result in the cell C4 is $50,000, which is the balance for the first year ending, based on input parameters.

    Most of the time, the problem you will need to solve will be more complex than a simple application of a formula or function. If you want to save hours of research and frustration, try our liveExcelchat service! Our Excel Experts are available 24/7 to answer any Excel question you may have. We guarantee a connection within 30 seconds and a customized solution within 20 minutes.

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    How To Calculate Compound Interest In Excel When Interest Is Paid Monthly

    If the interest on your investment is paid monthly , the Excel compound interest formula becomes:


    • P is the initial amount invested
    • r is the annual interest rate
    • n is the number of years over which the investment is made.

    I.e. the annual interest rate is divided by 12 to give a monthly interest rate, and the number of years is multiplied by 12 to give the number of months over which the investment is made.

    This formula is shown in the following spreadsheet:

    Future Value: =B1*^

    The Excel compound interest formula in cell B4 of the above spreadsheet on the right once again calculates the future value of $100, invested for 5 years with an annual interest rate of 4%. However, in this example, the interest is paid monthly.

    This formula returns the result 122.0996594.

    I.e. the future value of the investment is $122.10.

    How To Calculate Compound Interest In Excel

    One of the easiest ways is to apply the formula: x .

    If you are investing $1,000 with a 15% interest rate, compounded annually, below is how you would calculate the value of your investment after one year.

    = B2 * 

    In this case B2 is the Principal, and A2 is the Interest Rate per Period. The $ is used in the formula to fix the reference to column A, since the interest rate is constant in this example.

    You can calculate the value of your investment after two years by simply copying and pasting the formula into cell D2, as shown below.

    C2 is the current gross figure. Notice how B2 automatically changes to C2, since the cell reference has changed. You could copy the formula over additional columns to calculate the compounded value in future years. We would recommend structuring a table like this :

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    How To Calculate Monthly Compound Interest In Excel

    We can use the following formula to find the ending value of some investment after a certain amount of time:

    A = Pnt

    • n: Number of compounding periods per year
    • t: Number of years

    If the investment is compounded monthly, then we can use 12 for n:

    A = P12t

    The following example shows how to use this formula in Excel to calculate the ending value of some investment that has been compounded monthly.

    Calculating Annual Compound Interest In Excel

    How to calculate compound interest for recurring deposit in Excel!

    To understand the idea of compound interest better, let’s begin with a very simple example discussed at the beginning of this tutorial and write a formula to calculate annual compound interest in Excel. As you remember, you are investing $10 at the annual interest rate of 7% and want to know how yearly compounding increases your savings.

    Annual compound interest – formula 1

    An easy and straightforward way to calculate the amount earned with an annual compound interest is using the formula to increase a number by percentage:

    =Amount * .

    In our example, the formula is:


    Where A2 is your initial deposit and B2 is the annual interest rate. Please pay attention that we fix the reference to column B by using the $ sign.

    As you remember, 1% is one part of a hundred, i.e. 0.01, so 7% is 0.07, and this is how percentages are actually stored in Excel. Keeping this in mind, you can verify the result returned by the formula by performing a simple calculation of 10* or 10*1.07 and make sure that your balance after 1 year will be $10.70 indeed.

    And now, let’s calculate the balance after 2 years. So, how much will your $10 deposit be worth in two years’ time at an annual interest rate of 7%? The answer is $11.45 and you can get it by copying the same formula to column D.

    To calculate how much money you will find in your bank account at the end of 3 years, simply copy the same formula to column E and you will get $12.25.



    =B1 + B1 * $B$2

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    What Is The Compound Interest Formula

    A simple definition of compound interest is A compound interest is an interest calculated on interest. Compound interest formula is used to calculate the interest on some amount specified by the user in Excel.

    Note: For each year principal amount is different for compound interest.

    Compound interest is a basic building block used in accounting. It calculates the interest on principal amount firstly with some rate of interest for one year and then both principal amount and interest added to it. Understand it with the help of the following diagrammatic representation

    Compound interest is calculated on the initial amount for a year and then interest accumulated with the previous amount. Unlike the simple interest, compound interest takes interest on the amount added with the principal amount after a year.

    We have two formulas to calculate compound interest, which is discussed in detail in this chapter with examples below:

    • FV = PV * POWER, n)

    Excel Formula To Calculate Compound Interest With Regular Deposits

    In this tutorial, well explain how to calculate compound interest using the Excel formula with regular and irregular deposits. We shall also discuss how to calculate future values of investment based on daily, monthly, and yearly compounding interest rates.

    Firstly, we have to know that the compounding interest rate concept is the center point of the investment world. Basically, it moves the stock market, the bond market, or simply the world. Simply, understanding compounding interest rates can change your behavior with money and savings.

    Moreover, the concepts might seem a bit complex for individuals who did not study finance, accounting, or business studies. But if you read this article with attention, your misconceptions will be removed, your understanding will be clear certainly.

    The following image provides an overview of the calculation process of compound interest in Excel using the FVfunction. Later, well show you the process with simple steps and proper explanations.

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    How To Calculate Daily Compound Interest In Excel

    We can use the following formula to find the ending value of some investment after a certain amount of time:

    A = Pnt

    • n: Number of compounding periods per year
    • t: Number of years

    If the investment is compounded daily, then we can use 365 for n:

    A = P365t

    The following example shows how to use this formula in Excel to calculate the ending value of some investment that has been compounded daily.

    What Is The Offset Function In Excel

    Compound Interest Calculator In Excel – Calculate Savings Using FV Function

    The OFFSET function returns a reference to a cell or a range of cells. OFFSET takes five parameters, and its syntax is as below:


    OFFSET will take in the position of the reference cell, and then move from there by the number of rows and cols, and then return the reference of the destination cell.

    If the height and width parameters are set to greater than one, then a range of cells in that area will be returned. Height and width are two optional parameters. If you leave them blank, OFFSET will read them as 1 and return a single cell reference.

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    Dynamic Spreadsheets With Offset

    The OFFSET function in Excel has many parameters, and that can cause confusion on its own, but once you get to use it, you’ll learn that, like many other Excel functions, OFFSET is a friendly function.

    Though there isn’t much use to OFFSET on its own, when coupled with other Excel functions, OFFSET gives you the power to create dynamic and sophisticated spreadsheets.

    Compound Interest Formula In Excel

    Compound interest is a concept heavily used by the banking and finance industry.

    If youre investing or saving money in a bank, Compound Interest is the magical formula that is going to help you reach your money goals faster. Its often called the Eighth wonder of the world.

    If youre borrowing money from a bank, however, then Compound interest is whats going to make the money you owe rise faster.

    In fact, the more time you take, the faster the amount grows.

    In this tutorial, we will explain what Compound interest is, how its calculated, and how to calculate compound interest in Excel spreadsheets.

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    Compound Interest In Excel Formula

    Compound interest is the addition of interest to the principal sum of a loan or deposit or interest on interest. Rather than paying it out, it is the outcome of reinvesting interest so that interest in the next period is earned on the principal sum plus previously accumulated interest.

    For example, suppose you invested $5,000 with a 10% annual interest rate and annually compounded. In such a situation, you may earn $500 as interest from the initial investment. Therefore, from the initial investment, you may earn $5,000+$500= $5,500. Then, in the next period, you may make interest based on the gross amount from the last period. In this example, after two years, from the initial investment, you may earn $550 as your first investment was $5,500. Now, your investment worth will be $5,550.

    While simple interest is calculated only on the principal and not on principal plus interest earned or incurred in the previous period.

    The total accumulated value, including the principal sum P plus, compounded interest I, is given by the formula:


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